Most consumers seek out cannabidiol for health reasons. While we still have only limited clinical information about the therapeutic effects of cannabidiol, there is some promising research worth noting:
Additionally, some preliminary evidence suggests that cannabidiol may help with acne, diabetes, and muscle spasms, though more research is needed.
If you purchase CBD from one of the many CBD retailers that are appearing in St. Louis and other major cities, you do so at your own risk. While we haven’t found evidence of individuals being prosecuted for CBD possession, many of these retail shops have been raided by local authorities.
Why Missouri Residents Are Interested in CBD
When it comes to CBD and hemp, Missouri is a sea of contradictions. On the one hand, Missouri is the second-largest hemp producer in the nation (behind Kentucky). On the other hand, Missouri has some of the nation’s least consumer-friendly hemp laws.
In addition to the obvious fact that CBD doesn’t get you high, there are a few important distinctions between THC-based products (like THC tinctures) and CBD oil. For example, cannabidiol has shown greater effectiveness in treating seizures than THC alone. THC in high doses may actually trigger seizures in some subjects.
How CBD Compares to THC Products
CBD and THC have the same basic molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. However, the molecules are arranged differently, which is why each compound behaves differently in the body.
Under the current law, CBD is only legal for patients participating in the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). This program is designed exclusively for patients with intractable epilepsy.
Full-spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other chemicals in the plant, including terpenes and whatever trace amounts of THC the plant may have produced. Consuming full spectrum CBD may yield better results owing to the entourage effect, a phenomenon in which the entire mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes work together and complement one another inside your body.
Even though hemp plants don’t produce enough of the cannabinoid THC to cause intoxication, all types of cannabis, including hemp, were considered illegal under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The legislation swept all cannabis into the Schedule 1 category, which defined cannabis as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction.
A patient who purchases CBD oil through the MHERP program is limited to 20 fluid ounces of CBD oil and the product must contain at least 5% CBD and no more than 0.3% THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Although the new law does not explicitly address hemp-derived CBD, many legal experts, including a cannabis law specialist who shared insight with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, believe that HB 2034 clearly legalizes CBD and CBD oil — so long as they come from legal hemp plants and contain less than 0.3% THC. But these interpretations were called into question in November 2018 when law enforcement raided a chain of head shops. In the bust, police seized all CBD products and charged the store owner with felony delivery of a controlled substance. Ultimately, a judge dismissed the charge, but the incident seems to suggest that law enforcement agencies in Missouri remain very confused about the state’s CBD laws.
Where to buy CBD in Missouri
Because Missouri has not explicitly legalized CBD oil and other CBD products, there are no codified labeling requirements. However, most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:
A patient who purchases CBD oil through the MHERP program is limited to 20 fluid ounces, or about 535 milliliters of CBD oil, and the product must contain at least 5% CBD and no more than 0.3% THC.
As research remains ongoing, there is a growing body of evidence pointing to CBD’s potential efficacy in medical applications and as a health supplement.
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
The Farm Bill also granted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the authority to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Despite the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the FDA has taken the stance that even hemp-derived CBD may not be added to food and beverages, nor marketed as dietary supplements. While the FDA has begun a process of re-evaluating its stance on such CBD products, it has yet to revise its rules or specifically regulate CBD products, leading to further confusion. The FDA has been strict when it comes to health claims and content that could be construed as medical advice about CBD.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the cannabis plant’s two most prevalent cannabinoids. Generally speaking, THC produces marijuana’s intoxicating effects, while CBD is a non-intoxicating compound and reportedly provides numerous therapeutic and medicinal qualities.
If your CBD is produced from industrial hemp plants, it will usually contain less than 0.3% THC.
Is CBD Legal in Missouri?
This is by far the best method for extracting CBD. It doesn’t require any heat or additional solvents, so it keeps the CBD as pure as possible. The machinery needed to perform CO2 extraction is quite expensive as well. Therefore, any company using this method likely takes its business seriously and is committed to a quality product.
Buy CBD that has been extracted using CO2
We’ve included a few tips for buying the right CBD product for your needs and protecting yourself from these shady companies.