The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) tasked experts to prepare an international legal instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. They were to take into account “the need to share costs and benefits between developed and developing countries” as well as “ways and means to support innovation by local people”.
What is the Convention on Biological Diversity?
During the Nagoya conference, the CBD Parties also adopted a new international Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilisation (the ABS agreement).
What is the global biodiversity framework?
At the 10th Conference of the Parties in October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, the 193 Parties to the Convention agreed on a ten-year global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 to combat biodiversity loss over the next decade and defined 20 concrete targets, known as the Aichi targets, in order to achieve this overall objective. The EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and help stop global biodiversity loss by 2020. It reflects the commitments taken by the EU in 2010, within the international Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is the international legal instrument for “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” that has been ratified by 196 nations.
The conservation of biodiversity is a common concern of humankind. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. It also covers biotechnology, including through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In fact, it covers all possible domains that are directly or indirectly related to biodiversity and its role in development, ranging from science, politics and education to agriculture, business, culture and much more.
Its overall objective is to encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future.
IUCN has fed into decisions of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention (COP) through its policy work at the global, regional and national levels, helping to ensure that they are as effective as possible to achieve the CBD objectives. Further, for some issues, COP and the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advise (SBSTTA) – the technical body of the Convention – have made explicit calls for collaboration with IUCN.
The IUCN Secretariat has been participating in and supporting the CBD process, while using the CBD as a channel to promote IUCN’s policies and technical experience, and to foster action on the ground, in collaboration with IUCN’s Membership. So far, IUCN has produced several policy papers and background papers for CBD meetings, involving its programmes, Regional Offices and an increasing number of Members.